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What do I need to know about identity theft?
Identity theft is serious. It can cost you money and damage your reputation. It is important to protect yourself against it.
Identity theft is when someone collects or uses your identify without your permission.
The identity thief may take over your financial accounts, open new bank accounts, transfer bank balances, apply for loans or credit cards, purchase vehicles or vacations, and more.
If you are a victim of this crime, it can cost you money and damage your reputation or credit rating. Repairing the damage can be a long and tiring process. It is a good idea to protect yourself against identity theft so that this doesn't happen to you.
Possible Signs of Identity Theft
- A bank or credit card company contacts you about suspicious transactions.
- Bills, bank or credit card statements have purchases you don't recognize, or your statements do not come at all (someone may have forwarded your mail to another address).
- A creditor or collection agency contacts you about unknown debts.
- Your credit report shows loans or purchases that you didn't request.
How to Protect Yourself
If it Happens to You
If you think you might be a victim of identity theft, you need to report it immediately to:
- Your local police station - they will give you a police report number
- Your bank and credit card companies
- Canada's 2 main credit reporting agencies: Equifax at 1-800-465-7166 and TransUnion at 1-800-663-9980 - ask them to put a “fraud alert” on your file
- PhoneBusters National Call Centre at 1-888-495-8501 - this is a government organization that tracks fraud trends and helps victims of fraud
- Canada Post at 1-866-607-6301 - check if someone requested to change your address
- Passport Canada at 1-800-567-6868 - check if someone ordered a new passport in your name
For More Information
- What You Need to Know to Protect Your Identity [PDF] - Information about identify theft and a list of agencies that can help you. From the Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services.
- What You Need to Know about Phishing [PDF] - Protect yourself from fake emails that ask for passwords and other personal information. From the Ontario Ministry of Government and Consumer Services.
- Identity Theft - Helpful information about how to protect yourself from identity theft and what you can do if this happens to you. From Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO).
- Privacy on the Go - 10 steps you can take to protect personal information on your mobile devices, such as laptops, phones or tablets. From the Privacy Commissioner of Canada.
Download in Different Languages
These files are in Adobe Acrobat format. You need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view these files.
This article contains information from the Consumer Measures Committee, the RCMP, and Consolidated Credit Counseling Services of Canada.
January 19, 2017