Protect Yourself and Others from COVID-19

COVID-19 is spread mainly from person to person through close physical contact. You can do your part by following Public Health guidelines and taking steps to limit your risk.

How does COVID-19 spread?

  • Close contact (within 2 meters) with an infected person when they breathe, talk, cough or sneeze.
  • People are contagious when they are sick and 2 days before they show symptoms.
  • Respiratory droplets can land on surfaces. The virus can live for hours but is not easily spread this way.
  • Smaller respiratory droplets, called aerosols, can linger in the air before falling to the ground.
  • Spreads easily when there are more people indoors, for a long period of time, with poor airflow.

Even outdoor events have been linked to outbreaks of the virus. Other outbreaks have been traced to holiday gatherings where people were not wearing a mask properly or keeping physical distancing guidelines in mind.

How to protect yourself from COVID-19?

The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to the virus with prevention measures, including:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid shaking hands with others.
  • Practice social distancing and avoid contact with people who are ill.
  • Stay home when you are ill.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then immediately throw the tissue in the garbage and wash your hands. If you don’t have a tissue, sneeze or cough into your sleeve or arm.
  • Wear a mask in indoor public spaces, and when physical distancing is difficult.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

It is important that you use credible, evidence-based sources of information about COVID-19. Municipal websites like Toronto Public Health’s website is updated regularly as new information becomes available to help keep residents informed about COVID-19. Your municipality will have the most up-to-date information for your area; including current restrictions and guidelines for your zone.

This article contains information from Toronto Public Health.

Last updated: December 21, 2020 4006446